process of blasting copper ores

Copper Smelting Process - Furnaces Used, By-Products, and ...

Apr 09, 2010· The major producers of copper ore are Chile, USA and Australia, the vast majority of the ore coming from open pit mining. In open pit mining the layers of soil and vegetation seam are scooped away until the copper bearing ore is exposed. This is removed by blasting, the resulting ore collected and transported to the ore processing plant.

Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores

Copper can be extracted from its ore by: Underground: sinking a vertical shaft into the Earth to an appropriate depth and driving horizontal tunnels into the ore. Open pit: 90% of ore is mined by this method. Ores near the surface can be quarried after removal of the surface layers.


Ores containing 4% or more copper are treated by smelting process. Very poor ores are treated by hydro-metallurgical process. EXTRACTION OF COPPER BY SMELTING PROCESS Following steps are involved in the extraction of copper. Crashing and Grinding The ore is crushed then ground into powder. CONCENTRATION-Floatation process. The finely crushed ...

Copper Ore Processing Methods

Apr 11, 2017· general adoption of flotation process, influencing the development of the reverberatory furnace, which generally has replaced the blast furnace in smelting operations, with resultant benefits in the cost of copper smelting. Types of Ores & Methods of Treatment. From the milling standpoint, copper ores may be classified roughly as follows:

2 - Copper

Blasting and grinding equipment are used to accomplish this task. Open pit mining is a technique used to extract copper ore near the earth's surface. Open pit mining is the most widely used technique of mining copper today. It is accomplished by creating and using benches or terraces to gradually reach deeper under the earth's surface.

Copper Smelting Furnace

Mar 05, 2017· Copper Smelting Furnace. The early development of the reverberatory furnace for smelting copper ores was the work of the Welsh smelters, particularly those of Swansea. The first record of a reverberatory furnace is made by Jars, who states that copper-smelting was effected in reverberatory furnaces at Middleton-Tyas, in Yorkshire, England.

Extraction and Refining of the Platinum Metals

used again in the blast furnace. Silica is then added to the converter to flux iron oxide and any excess soda; this slag is also poured off and the residual copper sulphide blown down to blister copper in the normal way. The blister copper is tapped into a ladle and poured directly into one of three small reverberatory furnaces.

Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart

Aug 26, 2015· Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart. This flowchart made of machinery icons explains or expresses in simple but clear terms the step of the Copper Mining and Copper Extraction Process. Starting from either open-pit or underground mining and using a different relevant treatment method for oxide or sulphide copper mineral (ore).

Copper Ore – Official Minecraft Wiki

Copper ore can be generated anywhere on the Overworld in the form of veins. In the Java Edition, copper ore tries to generate 6 times per chunk in groups from zero to sixteen, in layers 0 to 96, being more common in layers 47 and 48 and less common at the ends. Copper ore can replace stone, granite, diorite, andesite, tuff and deepslate.Copper ore rarely replaces deepslate and tuff, generating ...

12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

12.3.2 Process Description2-4 Mining produces ores with less than 1 percent copper. Concentration is accomplished at the mine sites by crushing, grinding, and flotation purification, resulting in ore with 15 to 35 percent copper. A continuous process called floatation, …

Chapter 7 Energy Use in the Copper Industry

duction of cathode copper. Assuming an ore grade of 0.55 percent and a recovery rate of87.5 6.4 percent copper in the concentrate, concentrat-ing 1 ton of copper ore requires over 200 billion Btu, or approximately 42 million Btu/ton of cath-ode copper.10 Grinding accountsfor roughly 6 0 percent of the total energy consumed in proc-

Energy Consumption in Mining Comminution

operational costs and occurs at all stages of the ore recovery process: blasting, excavation, crushing, transport and grinding (comminution). For example, the copper mining industry is expected to consume 41.1 terawatt-hours (TWh) in 2025, an increase of 95.5 percent from 2013 [11]. New mining projects


of beneficiation process, usually used with gold, silver, and copper ores, that merits separate attention because of the serious environmental and public safety impacts. With leaching, finely ground ore is deposited in a large pile (called a 'leach pile') on top of an impermeable pad, and a solution containing cyanide is sprayed on

copper extraction and purification - chemguide

Extracting copper from other ores. Copper can be extracted from non-sulphide ores by a different process involving three separate stages: Reaction of the ore (over quite a long time and on a huge scale) with a dilute acid such as dilute sulphuric acid to produce a very dilute copper…

Innovations: Introduction to Copper: Mining & Extraction

The techniques for extraction of copper from oxidized ores are quite different from those employed for the sulfide ores. The oxidized ores, consisting of the silicates, carbonates and sulfates, are treated by several methods, all involving some form of leaching of the crushed ore with sulfuric acid to produce impure solutions of copper sulfate.

Explore a Metal Mine that Reports to the TRI Program ...

Certain types of ores (for example, copper and gold) are processed for metal recovery using a chemical leaching process. In this step, ore is placed (either directly from the blasting step, from a crushing step, or from a grinding step) in large piles known as "leach pads".

Blast Furnace – Official Minecraft Wiki

A blast furnace is a block that smelts ores, raw metals, iron and gold armor and tools, similar to a furnace, but at twice the rate. It also serves as an armorer's job site block. 1 Obtaining 1.1 Breaking 1.2 Natural generation 1.3 Crafting 2 Usage 2.1 Smelting 2.2 Light source 2.3 Custom name 2.4 Change profession 2.5 Lock 2.6 Note Blocks 3 Sounds 3.1 Generic 3.2 Unique 4 Data values 4.1 ID 4 ...

Metallurgy of copper - SlideShare

Dec 06, 2017· 3. EXTRACTION OF COPPER • Copper is mainly extracted from its sulfide ores by smelting. • Following steps are involved in the extraction of copper: 4. CONCENTRATION • Finely crushed ore is concentrated by FROTH FLOATATION PROCESS. • Crushed ore is suspended in water containing a little amount of pine oil.

Primary Metal Production - Chemical Engineering

Molten metals tend to dissolve impurities from the ore. For example, many ores that contain native copper have arsenic compounds associated with them. When the ore is melted, the molten copper dissolves the arsenic. As a result, the metal from the furnace can be less pure than the individual metal grains that were originally in the ground.

Copper Production: How Is Copper Made? - ThoughtCo

Sep 26, 2019· Copper processing is a complex process that involves many steps as the manufacturer processes the ore from its raw, mined state into a purified form for use in many industries. Copper is typically extracted from oxide and sulfide ores that contain between 0.5 and 2.0% copper.

beneficiation process of copper ore blasting

Copper Ore Benification Process. Copper Ore Benification Process. Beneficiation process of copper ore blasting understanding iron ores and mining of iron ore iron fe is an abundant and a widely distributed element in the in the crust of the earth constituting on an average ranging from 2 to 3 in sedimentary rocks to.


Blasting is the process of breaking of bulk rock masses into loose forms, ... This type of blasting will cause the ore to sw ell by 30%, ... copper rod with a loop at one end. d) ...

Copper Production - ScienceDirect

Jan 01, 2014· The copper ores are crushed, ground, and undergo concentration by froth flotation, matte smelting, and converting to blister copper. The blister copper must undergo additional steps of fire refining and electrolytic refining before the purity of copper increases to …

Extraction of Aluminum, Copper, Zinc & Iron - Video ...

Jan 15, 2020· Extraction of Copper. Chalcopyrite (CuFeS 2) is the commonest copper ore.Copper is mainly extracted from the sulphide ore (Cu 2 S) by the self-reduction process. The ores …

Electric Smelting Furnace of Ore

May 05, 2017· In the smelting of gold and silver ores carrying no lead or copper to form either a lead bullion or a copper matte, but containing iron sulphide, the electric furnace might be used in connection with an air blast for oxidation of the iron sulphide, an iron matte being used as a collecting agent for the gold and silver; a fair recovery can be ...

Extraction Of Copper | Mining, Concentration, Smelting ...

Copper Smelting means that the concentrated ore is heated strongly with silicon dioxide (silica), calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) and air in a furnace. The major steps in the extraction of copper are. Copper in Chalcopyrite is reduced to copper sulphide. Just like in Blast Furnaces, calcium carbonate is added as a flux to create the slag.

Control Of Sulfur Oxide Emissions From Primary Copper ...

The lead blast furnace is a relatively minor, but apparently highly variable source of sulfur oxide emissions. In 1936, Oldright and Miller88 reported SO 2 concentrations in the top gases from blast furnaces in three lead smelters. The concentrations at one furnace varied from 0.005 to 0.018% and those at another from 0.018 to 1.22%. In the third

Current Energy Requirements in the Copper Producing ...

Dec 20, 2013· An analysis of energy usage in the production of refined cathode copper was made from mining ore to cathode copper. In mining copper ore the greatest energy consumers are ore hauling and blasting. Another important factor is the "recovery efficiency" of the metallurgical processes used to extract the copper. The mining and mineral concentrating energies are directly proportional to the ...